A Guide to Celebrating Songkran in 2024




The Thai New Year, known as Songkran, is an electrifying festival filled with water fights, soulful spiritual ceremonies, colorful parades, and the joy of new beginnings. For travelers yearning for an authentic cultural experience, Songkran offers an opportunity to connect with Thailand’s rich traditions and the warmth of its people.

In a country where community and celebration are woven into the very fabric of life, Songkran stands as a testament to the vibrant Thai spirit. While tourists often participate in the water festivities that have come to define the festival, there’s much more to Songkran than meets the wet t-shirt – er, eye. This blog post will guide you through the most authentic ways to engage with the Thai New Year, ensuring you not only celebrate but also understand and respect the significance of the festival.

Understanding the Significance of Songkran

Before you grab some water canons and bright silk shirts, it’s important to grasp the historical and cultural importance of Songkran. The festival marks the sun’s transition from Pisces to Aries, moving from one astrological phase to the next. This is a time for renewal, reflection, and cleansing – both physically and spiritually. Families gather to make offerings at their local temples, clean the Buddhist statues, and bathe in the perfumed waters to bring good luck for the coming year.

In addition to these cleansing rituals, Songkran is a time for Maha Songkran, where people perform merit-making activities, and for Wan Payawan, the day of love and compassion. Thus, the festival serves as a multifaceted celebration that encompasses the essence of Buddhism and the traditional Thai way of life.

Maha Songkran or the Great Songkran marks the Thai New Year. In this time, people joyously engage in a variety of traditional rituals and ceremonies that symbolize renewal and prosperity. The water festival is believed to have its roots in a Hindu spring fest that signals the new harvest in India. During the Indian Holi fest, people enjoy tossing colored powder and water around. Conversely, Wan Payawan is characterized by a stronger emphasis on religious observances and the practice of merit-making. On this special day, people wake up early and bring gifts carefully prepared with care and respect. Gifts typically include new robes, food, and other goods. These heartfelt offerings are then given to the respected monks, who kindly accept them and start their prayers, sending blessings to those who have shown such kindness and generosity.


Traditional Customs and Practices

One of the most significant practice during Songkran is the Rod Nam Dum Hua ritual, in which younger individuals pour scented water into the palms of their elders as a token of respect and to receive blessings. This gesture symbolizes the washing away of one’s sins and the cleaning of the soul for the New Year.

Another integral part of Songkran is the construction of sand chedis, or mounds of sand, topped with a banner. These structures, often built in temple courtyards, are a means of making merit – an act of spiritual good that is believed to accumulate positive karma for the participants.

Exploring Local Cuisine

Food is at the heart of Thai culture, and Songkran is no exception. The festival is a time for feasting on traditional dishes such as khao chae (rice soaked in jasmine-scented water, served with an array of side dishes), som tam (spicy green papaya salad), and khao piak sen (noodle soup). Street food stands come alive with a vast selection of snacks and sweets, giving you a taste of the culinary delights associated with the season.

For a truly local experience, consider attending a Songkran food festival or taking part in communal meals shared among families and friends. This will not only introduce you to a wider variety of foods but also present the opportunity to meet new people and immerse yourself in the convivial atmosphere that defines the holiday.

Dessert of Thailand. Khao chae is rice soaked in cool water. 

Participating in Festivities

While water fights have become emblematic of Songkran’s exuberant celebrations, there’s a distinction between the more raucous tourist spots and the traditional, community-focused events. Seek out the local parade, where you can join in the procession of floral floats, dance to traditional music, and playfully douse those along the route.

Visit the most revered temples in Thailand, such as Wat Phra Kaew or Wat Pho in Bangkok, or the old city of Chiang Mai, to witness and participate in the more solemn aspects of the festival. Engaging in the religious ceremonies will give you a more profound and balanced experience of Songkran.

Safety and Respectful Participation

Participation in Songkran shouldn’t just be about fun; it should also be about responsible engagement. Recognize that while the festival is a time of revelry, water is symbolic and should be used mindfully, particularly when interacting with elders and those engaged in religious activities.

Furthermore, respect local customs by dressing modestly, particularly when attending temple events. Refrain from using chalk or powder on individuals without their consent, as it may be perceived as disrespectful. Finally, be aware of the consumption of alcohol, as excessive drinking does not align with the spiritual essence of the festival.

Celebrate With Love and Care

Celebrating Songkran like a local allows you to shed the role of a passive tourist and step into a deeper interaction with the beautiful country of Thailand. By understanding the festival’s significance, engaging in customary practices, savoring local cuisine, and participating in authentic festivities, you’ll forge a connection to the cultural heart of the nation.

Immersing yourself in Songkran requires a level of respect, mindfulness, and willingness to step outside your comfort zone. Yet, the rewards are immeasurable, offering memories that will not wash away – much like the blessings of the festival itself.

Catch our Songkran festivities here in Vikasa this April 13th!